How To Do Fundamental Analysis

How to do fundamental analysis of stocks for beginners.

From Fundamentals to Fortune A beginner’s guide to Stock Fundamental Analysis

Investing in stocks can be an intimidating journey, especially for those new to the world of finance. But fear not Digtalinpek is here! Unlocking the secrets of the market doesn’t have to be a complex endeavor. This guide will equip you with the fundamental knowledge to conduct stock fundamental analysis, a powerful tool for making informed investment decisions, also DIGITALINPEK will give you a free Ebook that has helped many in learning proper fundamental analysis so continue reading this full summarize guide.

What is Fundamental Analysis?

Fundamental is an investment strategy that focuses on company’s intrinsic value ( intrinsic value is “measure of what a companies asset is worth” ), unlike technical analysis which studies the historical stock price patterns, fundamental analysis dives deeper by examining the company’s Financial health (Earning per shares, yearly or quarterly earning and also dividend paying pattern), Competitive landscape ( A competitive landscape is defined as a subset of the market landscape. It includes all the companies that compete with a particular company for customers), Future prospects (What the company wants to achieve in the next 10 years e.g vision mission goals ), and Management team.(a company that has a good management team will help company reach success )

Why is Fundamental analysis important?

By understanding a company’s fundamental strengths and weaknesses, you can make more informed decisions about whether a stock is undervalued (trading below its intrinsic value) or overvalued (trading above its intrinsic value). This approach allows you to:

Identify potential long-term investments: By focusing on the company’s fundamentals, you can avoid being swayed by short-term market fluctuations and identify companies with strong growth potential.
Minimize investment risk: A thorough understanding of a company’s financial health and future prospects can help you avoid investing in risky ventures.
Develop a personalized investment strategy: Fundamental analysis allows you to tailor your investments to your specific risk tolerance and financial goals.

Getting Started with Fundamental Analysis: A Step-by-Step Guide.

1. Define your investment goals:

Before embarking on your analysis journey, establish your investment goals. Are you seeking short-term gains, building a long-term portfolio, or aiming for a mix of both? Knowing your goals will guide your analysis and investment decisions, but as a personal suggestion to those who are reading make sure you focus 70% on long term gain and 30% short term gain as in intraday trading, swing trading etc.

2. Research the company:

Start by understanding the company’s business model and industry. This includes its products or services, target market, competitive landscape, and future growth prospects. Utilize resources like the company’s website, annual reports, and industry news to gain valuable insights, here i have attached an example ENGRO CORPORATION is a company in Pakistan you can get an idea how a company profile looks like and what the company focuses on

3. Analyze the financial statements:

Financial statements, including the income statement, balance sheet, and cash flow statement, are fundamental components of a company’s health. Learn how to read and interpret these statements to assess the company’s revenues, profitability, debt levels, and cash flow. Several online resources and financial websites offer tutorials and guides on understanding financial statement.

4. Evaluate key financial ratios:

Financial ratios such as price-to-earnings (P/E), debt-to-equity (D/E), and return on equity (ROE) provide a measure of a company’s performance and financial health. Examine these examples and compare them to business models and company performance history to learn more, let me just give a link to calculate your ROI if you work in Pakistan Stock Exchange here is the link ROI Calculator

5. Assess the management team:

The resources and experience of the company’s management team have a huge impact on the company’s success. Research the backgrounds and records of key executives to understand their leadership potential and vision for the company’s future. As Warren Buffett once said with a write management team a company can prevail, he said something similar to that.

6. Consider future prospects:

Don’t focus on the present; Evaluate the company’s future potential. Analyze business trends, potential disruptions and technological developments that may affect the company’s growth.

7. Compare and contrast with competitors:

Comparing a company with its direct and indirect competitors provides insight. Analyze their financial performance, business strategy, and strengths and weaknesses to gain a competitive advantage in your analysis.

8. Factor in macroeconomic conditions:

Other factors such as interest rates, economic growth, and political stability can also affect a company’s performance. Stay informed about these macro trends and evaluate their impact on your company and business.

9. Develop an informed investment decision:

Once you complete your analysis, you will be able to make a more informed decision about the product. Remember that analysis is not an oracle that sees the future but it is a tool that reduces risk and increases the long-term success of the investment.

As we all are aware knowledge is unlimited so let me just add more additional resources


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Also, I’m going to recommend these books which can help in fundamental analysis in the long run.

1. The Intelligent Investor by Benjamin Graham – is a useful text on investing that emphasizes the principles of analysis.

2. Securities Analysis by Benjamin Graham and David Dodd – Other useful investment concepts, investment techniques, and an in-depth look at financial analysis.

3. The Little Book of Value Investing by Christopher Leach – A simple and easy guide to understanding and following investing principles.

4. Financial Statements: A Step-by-Step Guide to Understanding and Preparing Financial Statements” – Ben Stein – A practical guide to understanding and interpreting financial statements important for the analysis of values.

5. Fundamental Analysis for Dummies: a step-by-step guide on how to do fundamental analysis.


Investing always carries inherent risks and past performances. Even if a company has performed well in the past, that doesn’t necessarily ensure it will continue to do so in the future.

Moses Alexander

Moses Alexander

CEO & Founder of Digital-Inpek



Digital Marketing agency

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